Special Order - Subject to Availability
The fair and equitable treatment ('FET') standard is a type of protection found in BITs which has become in the last decades one of the most controversial provisions examined by arbitral tribunals. This book first examines the interaction between the 'minimum standard of treatment' (MST) and the FET standard and the question why States started referring to the former in their BITs. It also addresses the question whether the FET should be considered as an autonomous standard of protection under BITs. This book also examines the controversial proposition that the FET standard should now be considered as a rule of customary international law. I will show that while the practice of States to include FET clauses in their BITs can be considered as general, widespread and representative, it remains that it is not uniform and consistent enough for the standard to have crystallised into a customary rule. States also lack the necessary opinio juris when including the clause in their BITs.
About the Author
Patrick Dumberry, Ph.D. (2006), Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva, is Professor at the University of Ottawa. He is the author of more than 60 publications, including The Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under International Law: A Guide to NAFTA Article 1105 Case Law (Wolters Kluwer, 2013).